How to Build a Mechanical Keyboard: Easy Step-by-Step Guide

The mechanical keyboard universe is yours to explore. A mechanical keyboard can completely transform your gaming or typing experience. They are more robust and offer superior typing performance in addition to more customization choices.

make your own custom keyboard

It might seem scary to build a mechanical keyboard, but the process is enjoyable and satisfying. To build your own mechanical keyboard, follow the instructions in this step-by-step manual. We can help with everything from personalizing your design to comprehending mechanical keyboard fundamentals.

Types of a Mechanical Keyboard

building your own keyboard

There are several types of mechanical keyboards available, each with their own set of features and benefits. Some popular options include:

  • Standard layout keyboards
  • Tenkeyless (TKL) keyboards, which remove the number pad to save space
  • Compact keyboards, which remove both the number pad and function row for maximum portability
  • Ergonomic keyboards, which are designed to reduce strain on the wrists and hands

Key switches build a mechanical keyboard

build your own mechanical keyboard

One of the most important aspects of a mechanical keyboard is the key switch. There are several types of key switches available, each with a unique feel and sound. Some of the most common options include:

  • Cherry MX switches, which are known for their tactile feedback and durability
  • Kailh switches, which offer a smoother typing experience
  • Gateron switches, which are known for their affordability and variety
  • When choosing a key switch, consider factors such as the noise level, actuation force, and switch travel distance.

Overall, mechanical keyboards are a great choice for anyone who wants a more personalized and satisfying typing experience. With a little bit of knowledge and some basic tools, building your own mechanical keyboard can be a fun and rewarding project.

Gathering the Necessary Components

assembling mechanical keyboard

Before building your mechanical keyboard, you’ll need to gather the necessary components. Here’s a breakdown of what you’ll need to get started:

Components to build a mechanical keyboard

1. Keyboard PCB

assembling mechanical keyboard

The printed circuit board (PCB) is the foundation of your keyboard and connects all the components together. There are many different PCBs available, with varying layouts and features.

2. Keycaps

build your own mechanical keyboard

Keycaps are the plastic pieces that sit on top of the switches and determine the letter or symbol that is typed when a key is pressed. There are many different types of keycaps available, with different materials, sizes, and styles.

3. Switches

custom gaming keyboard builder

Switches are the mechanical components that sit underneath the keycaps and register the keystrokes when pressed. There are many different types of switches available, with varying levels of tactile feedback, actuation force, and noise.

4. Stabilizers

build your own mechanical keyboard

Stabilizers are mechanical components that ensure larger keys, such as the spacebar or shift keys, are stabilized and press down evenly. There are different types of stabilizers, including plate-mounted and PCB-mounted ones.

When choosing your components, it’s important to consider factors such as compatibility, personal preference, and budget. You can find these components at online retailers, specialty keyboard shops, or even through group buys in online communities.

Assembling the Mechanical Keyboard

make your own custom keyboard

Now that you have all your components, it’s time to put them together. This section will guide you through the process of assembling your mechanical keyboard.

  • Soldering the Switches

assembling mechanical keyboard

If you have chosen a PCB that requires soldering, you will need to attach the switches to the board. Start by placing the switches on the PCB, making sure they are aligned correctly. Then, use a soldering iron to melt a small amount of solder onto the switch pins, attaching them to the circuit board. Repeat this process for all the switches.

  • Installing the Keycaps

build your own mechanical keyboard

Once you have soldered the switches, it’s time to install the keycaps. Take each keycap and place it on the corresponding switch, pressing down until you hear a click. Make sure each keycap is properly aligned and seated.

  • Hot-Swappable PCBs

make your own custom keyboard

If you opt for a hot-swappable PCB, you can skip the soldering step. Simply insert the switches into the hot-swappable sockets on the board and press them down until they click into place. Then, follow the same process for installing the keycaps.

With the switches and keycaps in place, your mechanical keyboard is almost ready to use.

Customizing Your Mechanical Keyboard

custom gaming keyboard builder

One of the most exciting aspects of building a mechanical keyboard is the ability to customize it to fit your preferences. There are many options available to make your keyboard unique and enhance your typing experience.

  • LED Lighting

build your own mechanical keyboard

Adding LED lighting to your keyboard can give it a cool, futuristic look and make it easier to type in low light conditions. There are many color options available, and some keyboards even allow you to set up custom lighting profiles for different games or applications. Look for keyboards with per-key RGB lighting for the most customization options.

  • Keycap Customization

custom gaming keyboard builder

Another way to personalize your keyboard is by swapping out the keycaps for different colors, materials, or designs. Keycap sets come in a variety of styles, from classic black or white to vibrant colors and unique themes. Some sets even include novelty keys, such as keycaps shaped like video game characters or animals.

  • Layout Customization

custom gaming keyboard builder

If you’re looking for a more radical change, consider modifying the layout of your keyboard. You can add or remove keys, change the position of the spacebar or arrow keys, or even create a completely custom layout. This can take some advanced DIY skills, but there are many resources available online to help you get started.

With these customization options, you can create a keyboard that not only looks great but also enhances your typing experience. Whether you’re a gamer, a writer, or just someone who spends a lot of time in front of a computer, building a mechanical keyboard allows you to create a tool that’s truly tailored to your needs.


Building a mechanical keyboard may seem like a daunting task, but it can be a rewarding experience that elevates your typing game. By following this easy step-by-step guide, you can create your own keyboard to your exact specifications.

We hope this article has provided you with a better understanding of mechanical keyboards and the components needed to build one. Remember to take your time to choose the right components and to follow the assembly process carefully.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.